Average Bear: $2,000 tax increase for middle-class families

When a 2012 Obama campaign ad claims that Mitt Romney would raises taxes on middle-class families by “an average of up to $2,000” a year, the word “average” may mislead.

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Misleading Synonyms: The Pro-Life Super PAC vs. Mitt Romney

A TV ad by the group calling itself The Pro-Life Super PAC uses the tactic known as expansive definition to attack Governor Mitt Romney’s (R – MA) policies.

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Loaded Language: ‘Death tax’

When opponents refer to the tax imposed on the estates of high income earners as the “death tax,” they use emotionally charged language that carries a negative connotation.

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False Categorical: Anti-Gun Laws ‘Always’ Lead to More Gun Violence

When Rep. Steve Stockman (R., Texas) makes a claim about anti-gun laws using the word “always,” he is creating a false categorical.

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Misnomer: Assault Weapons Ban

A picture of a fully automatic AK-47 in a MoveOnPAC ad and the name of the Federal Assault Weapons Ban of 1994 mislead the audience about which weapons the supposed ban actually outlawed.

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False Categorical: Romney on Unemployment

During a debate, Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney makes a statement about unemployment in the U.S. about which a viewer might ask: “Are there any exceptions?”

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Glittering Generalities: Ryan on ‘Opportunity’ and ‘Security’

This passage from Rep. Paul Ryan’s vice presidential acceptance speech at the GOP convention vice presidential nomination employs abstract, vague phrases that mean — what?

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Glittering Generalities: Biden on ‘America Is Coming Back’

Vice President Joe Biden’s acceptance speech for the Democratic nomination contains this rousing but non-specific exhortation.

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False Categorical: Durbin on Social Security and Debt

Sen. Richard Durbin (D., Ill.) goes too far when he says categorically that Social Security is not adding “a penny” to the debt.

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